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What is stamp duty?

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What is stamp duty?

Most people will need to pay stamp duty land tax – stamp duty for short – when buying property. Stamp duty is a tax on land and property transactions – if you buy house or flat worth over £125,000 you will need to pay it.

How much Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) you pay when you buy a property depends on:

  • whether the property is residential
  • how much of the property price price falls within each tax threshold

You can see current stamp duty rates below:

0% stamp duty for a property valued between £0 – £125,000
2% stamp duty  on the next £125,000 (the portion from £125,001 to £250,000)
5% stamp duty on the next £675,000 (the portion from £250,001 to £925,000)
10% stamp duty on the next £575,000 (the portion from £925,001 to £1.5 million)
12% stamp duty on the remaining amount (the portion above £1.5 million)

If the property you’re purchasing is a buy to let investment you’ll need to use our buy to let stamp duty calculator.

You will usually have 30 days from ‘completion’ of a purchase to pay stamp duty – although if you move into your new home or pay for it before completion the 30 days starts from then.

If you use a solicitor during your house purchase they will probably sort out the stamp duty payment for you. But it is legally your responsibility, so it doesn’t hurt to double check you have paid the right amount.

First time buyers and stamp duty


First time buyers pay the same amount of stamp duty as all others buyers. Between 2010 and 2012 there was a temporary stamp duty holiday for first time buyers purchasing property worth less than £250,000. But this ended in March 2012 and there are currently no plans to introduce another stamp duty holiday. So, if you are a first time buyer looking for a home worth over £125,000 you should budget for stamp duty when saving for a deposit.


Stamp duty exemptions

There are very few occasions where people purchasing property worth over £125,000 are exempt from stamp duty.

Even if two people engaged in a property swap they would have to pay stamp duty on the market values of the homes they were taking on.

The only situations where you may be exempt are where a share of a property is being transferred between two people. For example this would include a transfer of a share from one partner to another after a divorce or if someone has left their share of property to someone in their will. But this is something you should check with a solicitor or the tax authorities.

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